Info: Horae

The Horae are a group of minor goddesses from Greek myth who personified and presided over different hours of the day and seasons of the year. They represent law, of both the natural and the civilized worlds. There are multiple lists of them over time and from different writers and sources.

Classical trio of triads, all likely daughters of Zeus, from Homer, Hesiod, and Hyginus:
First Triad, of the seasons:

  • Thallo, goddess of spring and blooms, Greek counterpart of Flora.
  • Auxo/Auxesia, goddess of summer and growth; alternately represented spring alongside Hegemone (Jupiter XXXIX Hegemone), autumn.
  • Carpo (Jupiter XLVI Carpo), goddess of autumn and harvest.

Second Triad, of the laws:

  • Dike (99 Dike), goddess of moral justice, daughter of Themis.
  • Eunomia (15 Eunomia), goddess of benevolent governance.
  • Eirene (14 Irene), goddess of peace.

Third Triad, of the people and plenty:

Nonnus and Quintus Smyrnaeus list four Horae who are named after the four seasons, and are daughters of Helios and Selene:

  • Eiar, goddess of spring.
  • Theros, goddess of summer.
  • Phthinoporon, goddess of autumn.
  • Cheimon, goddess of winter.

Finally, there is an uncommon set of twelve Horae which represent actual hours in a day:

  • Auge, first light.
  • Anatole/Anatolia, sunrise.
  • Musica, the morning hour of music and study.
  • Gymnastica/Gymnasia, the morning hour of education, training, gymnastics/exercise.
  • Nymphe/Nympha, the morning hour of ablutions (bathing, washing).
  • Mesembria, noon.
  • Sponde (Jupiter XXXVI Sponde), libations poured after lunch.
  • Elete, prayer, the first of the afternoon work hours.
  • Acte/Cypris, eating and pleasure, the second of the afternoon work hours.
  • Hesperis (maybe 69 Hesperia?), end of the afternoon work hours, start of evening.
  • Dysis, sunset.
  • Arktos/Arctus, night sky, constellation.
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